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Geographical Synthesis

Tokyo is located roughly in the middle of the Japanese archipelago facing the Pacific Ocean. The Tokyo region contains about 26% of Japan's total population. Two major rivers flow through Tokyo: the Sumida River, running north-to-south into Tokyo Bay, and the Tama River, running west-to-east and forming the border between Tokyo and Kawasaki. The other major rivers are Edo, Arakawa, and Kanda.

Tokyo's total land area of 2187.42 square km (about 845 square miles) is home to about 10% of the Japan's population. Including the neighboring prefectures of Saitama, Chiba, and Kanagawa, Tokyo has a total population of over 37 million inhabitants. Tokyo Metropolis is a metropolitan prefecture comprising administrative entities of special wards and municipalities. The "central" area is divided into 23 special wards (ku in Japanese), and the Tama area is made up of 26 cities (shi), 3 towns (machi), and 1 village (mura). The 23 special-ward areas and the Tama area together form a long, narrow stretch of land, running about 90 kilometers east to west and 25 kilometers north to south.

The Izu Islands and the Ogasawara Islands, two island groups in the Pacific Ocean, are also administratively part of Tokyo, despite being geographically separated from the metropolis. This region has a rich natural environment abundant with marine resources and the islands also play an important national role in securing a vast economic zone.


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