Overview of Rio de Janeiro
Water and mountains constitute the basis of the exuberant geography of Rio de Janeiro with its exceptional scenic beauty.
The topographic diversity of Rio includes the vegetation. Forests cover illsides and remaining species of the Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlāntica) are preserved in the Tijuca National Park (Parque Nacional da Tijuca).
The vegetation of lowlands, sandbanks and mangroves are preserved in the areas of environmental protection of Grumari and Prainha. Despite having developed into one of the largest urban areas in the world, the city has grown around a big green blotch called Tijuca Forest (Floresta da Tijuca), the largest urban forest in the world, which continues to preserve valuable remnants of its original ecosystems although it was replanted in the 19th century.
It was the first example of reforesting with native species. Human interference brought even more nature into the city with the construction of parks, squares and gardens. Gradually the ecosystems came under the protection of environmental legislation and a great number of parks, reserves and areas of environmental protection were created to ensure conservation.
Taken from https://www.riodejaneiro.com - Geography
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